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The “Bosquet des Rocailles” cascade, Château de Versailles – France 1998

Description

The "Bosquet des Rocailles" cascade of the Chateau de Versailles, France in June 1998. In decorative architecture, waterfalls and cascades provide a focal point as well as sounds generated by cascading waters. Although a fountain is originally a spring of water issuing from the earth, the public fountain is a source of public water in cities. The water staircase design contributes to a lot of splashing and white waters, and it is well adapted to a steep topography: e.g., La Grande Cascade de Saint-Cloud on the hill slope of St Cloud overlooking Paris and the Seine river, the water staircase at Château du Touvet on the slopes of the Chartreuse mountains. A superb example was the "Bosquet des Rocailles" cascade, also called "Bosquet de la Salle de Bal" cascade, at the Chateau de Versailles, France. Completed in 1683, it was designed by J. MANSART to operate as a nappe flow. There are a total of 5 fountains with 8 steps, 8 fountains with 7 steps and 4 fountains with 4 steps. All the steps are pooled. The "Bosquet des Rocailles" cascade was designed as a theater. The musicians were placed at the top of the cascades while the actors played in the center stage, at the foot of the cascade, and in front the King Louis XIV. The video shows the operation of the "Bosquet des Rocailles" cascade, Chateau de Versailles on 20 June 1998. The video presents the start of the waters and the operation of the stepped cascades and water jets.

Author

Hubert Chanson

Date

1998

Copyright

Hubert Chanson

References

[1] CHANSON, H. (1998). "Le Développement Historique des Cascades et Fontaines en Gradins." ('Historical Development of Stepped Cascades and Fountains.') Jl La Houille Blanche, No. 7/8, pp. 76-84 (ISSN 0018-6368) (in French). {http://eprint.uq.edu.au/archive/00002638/}

[2] CHANSON, H. (2001). "The Hydraulics of Stepped Chutes and Spillways." Balkema, Lisse, The Netherlands, 418 pages (ISBN 90 5809 352 2). {http://www.uq.edu.au/~e2hchans/reprints/book4.htm}